Messages

A Message contains all the configuration required to send, receive, and process a request.

Messages are central to the functionality of Unifi. A Message brings together the disparate parts necessary for the configuration required in order to send, receive and process a request.

Automated Creation of Trigger Business Rule

Unifi will automatically create a Trigger (Business Rule) for the Process being integrated (if one doesn't already exist) when you run 'Build' either on the Integration or Message once your Create Message is configured.

For step-by-step instructions on how to configure Messages (and other Integration components) see the Integration Guides section of the documentation.

Message Fields

Details

The Details fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Message name

String

The message name that is unique for this integration.

Description

String

The description for this message and the requirement it is meeting.

Direction*

Choice

The direction(s) this message is configured to support.

Type

Choice

The primary purpose of the message.

Application

Reference

The application containing this record.

Integration

Reference

The integration this record belongs to.

*Direction choices: Inbound, Outbound, or Bidirectional.

The 'Disable' button will set the Active flag to 'false'.

Fields

From here you can configure the relevant Field records for the Message. A list of the available and active Fields is displayed. For more information about Field records click here.

Response

The Response fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Response

Reference

The immediate synchronous response to this message.

Async

Boolean

Turn this option on if you want inbound processing to occur asynchronously or this message is the first of an asynchronous message pair (make sure to set a receipt message).

Async receipt

Reference

The asynchronous receipt to this message. Leaving this blank will cause the message to be processed asynchronously without sending a receipt.

Bond

The Bond fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Bond ownership condition*

String

Determine if the sender should own the bond or not in order for this message to be processed? Use ‘Ignore’ to process regardless of the owner flag.

Bond condition type

String

The type of conditional check made on the bond. None: no checks are made. State: checks against the state are made using the conditional checkboxes. Scripted: the ‘Bond condition script' is used.

Bond condition script

Script plain

The script used to make advanced contidional checks on the bond. Visible if Bond condition type is 'Scripted'.

Bond new

Boolean

Process this message when a new bond is required.

Bond pending

Boolean

Process this message when the bond state is Pending.

Bond open

Boolean

Process this message when the bond state is Open.

Bond suspended

Boolean

Process this message when the bond state is Suspended (internal suspend).

Bond vendor suspended

Boolean

Process this message when the bond state is Vendor suspended (external suspend).

Set bond owner* inbound

String

Set the Bond Owner when receiving this message. Use 'None' to leave the Bond Owner alone or to modify it via a Message/Field Stage to Target script.

Set bond state* inbound

String

Set the Bond State when receiving this message. Use 'None' to leave the Bond State alone or to modify it via a Message/Field Stage to Target script.

Set bond owner* outbound

String

Set the Bond Owner when sending this message. Use 'None' to leave the Bond Owner alone or to modify it via a Message/Field Source to Stage script.

Set bond state* outbound

String

Set the Bond State when sending this message. Use 'None' to leave the Bond State alone or to modify it via a Message/Field Source to Stage script.

*Bond ownership condition choices: Ignore, Must own, Must not own.

*Set bond owner choices: None, Internal, External.

'External' sets the bond.owner flag to true. 'Internal' sets it to false.

These settings will take precedence over any which are scripted in the Message Scripts.

*Set bond state choices: None, Pending, Open Suspended, Vendor Suspended, Closed.

These settings will take precedence over any which are scripted in the Message Scripts.

Outbound Fields

Trigger

The Outbound Trigger fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Table

Table name

The table this message will be triggered from. This is typically the same as the target table defined on the process.

Use advanced condition

Boolean

Use a script to evaluate the trigger condition for this message.

Advanced condition*

Script plain

The script that must be met for the message to be processed. Use current to get access to the triggering record.

Outbound condition

String

The script that must be met for the message to be processed. Use current to get access to the triggering record.

Outbound condition

Conditions

The condition that the ServiceNow record must meet to trigger this message being processed.

Send to self*

Boolean

Enable this option to allow this message to be sent even when the integration it belongs to has caused the update.

*Advanced condition:

This field is made visible when the 'Use advanced condition' field is set to true.

*Send to self:

By default, if an integration updates a target record it will not trigger messages to be sent back to itself, preventing feedback loops.

Template

The Template fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

XML Template

String

The template to be compiled when sending a message for an integration that is configured to use XML. Also handy for storing an example message which can be used as a reference on inbound messages.

CDATA

It is possible to use CDATA within an XML message, but because of the way ServiceNow handles XML it can be a little bit tricky. When ServiceNow see’s the CDATA tag, it actually processes it and the tag ends up being removed in the final. We need to use a little trick allow us to actually get the CDATA in the final result.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<j:jelly trim="false" xmlns:j="jelly:core" xmlns:g="glide" xmlns:j2="null" xmlns:g2="null">
<g:evaluate jelly="true">
var stage = jelly.jvar_stage, transaction = jelly.jvar_transaction;
// initiate the attachment sender
var sender = new x_snd_eb.AttachmentSender(
jelly.jvar_transaction,
jelly.jvar_bond
);
// we only handle one attachment - use in while loop if there are many
sender.next();
// we need CDATA to not be processed by XML
// It's added in the XML below to wrap the embedded document
var cdata = [
'&lt;![' + 'CDATA[&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;',
']]&gt;'
];
</g:evaluate>
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:wsdl="http://www.wsdl.com">
<soapenv:Header/>
<soapenv:Body>
<wsdl:Request>
<wsdl:RequestElement>
<wsdl:server>dev.server.com</wsdl:server>
<wsdl:formName>Attachment</wsdl:formName>
<wsdl:id>ABC123</wsdl:id>
<wsdl:xmlString>${cdata[0]}
<Elements>
<Element>
<Name>Description</Name>
<Value>Attachment Received from customer</Value>
</Element>
<Element>
<Name>AttachmentName</Name>
<Value>${HTML:sender.attachment_name}</Value>
</Element>
<Element>
<Name>AttachmentData</Name>
<Value><x-attachment-data sys_id="${sender.attachment_id}" /></Value>
</Element>
</Elements>${cdata[1]}</wsdl:xmlString>
</wsdl:RequestElement>
</wsdl:Request>
</soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
</j:jelly>

Attachments

The Outbound Attachments fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Send attachments

Boolean

Mark this message as being enabled for sending attachments.

Maximum attachments to send

Integer

Set the maximum number of attachments this message can send using the AttachmentSender helper class.

Attachment added*

Boolean

Use this message to immediately send new attachments regardless of the trigger conditions.

*Attachment added:

This field is made visible when the 'Send attachments' field is set to true.

Settings

The Outbound Settings fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Path

URL

A path to append to the URL defined in the connection. Specify a full URL to override the connection. Define inline scripts to reference Stage to Request script variables by wrapping code in braces {}, e.g. /{transaction.message_id}.

Action method

String

The SOAP Action or the REST Method to use for this message. If this field is empty the SOAP Action will default to the message name and the REST Method will default to POST.

Order

Integer

The order that outbound messages are processed in.

Inbound Fields

Settings

The Inbound Settings fields to be configured for the Message record are as follows:

Field

Type

Description

Bond reference method

String

Method of searching for and validating an existing bond for incoming messages. Internal: lookup using the internal reference only. External: lookup using the external reference only. Both: lookup using both the internal and external references.

Reference lookup script

Script plain

The script containing functions for extracting internal and external references from the request payload.

Extract attachments

Boolean

Use the Extract attachments script to extract attachments from the inbound payload and prevent attachment data from being stored in the Request payload field.

Extract attachments script*

Script plain

The script used to extract attachment data from a request payload. Used to prevent writing attachment data to the request payload field (full payload can be attached using integration ‘Attach payloads’ option).

*Extract attachments script

This field is made visible when the Extract attachments box is checked. The script must always return a string and if an object is used it needs to be JSON encoded (i.e. JSON.stringify()). The following is an example:

payload = (function extractAttachments(payload, request) {
// Convert from string to object
var obj = JSON.parse(payload);
// Extract the attachment here...
// Update the payload
payload = {
attachment: ''
};
// Encode payload back to string
return JSON.stringify(payload);
})(payload, request);

Advanced

Script Editor

From here you can view each of the Message Scripts for the Message (Source to Stage, Stage to Request, Payload to Stage, Stage to Target). The auto-generated code displayed is configured using Fields & Field Maps. For more information on Message Scripts click here.

You MUST NOT edit the code between the Begin & End Comments, or the comments themselves.

If you wish to manually script any code, that must be done outside of those comments.

Response Actions

From here you can view a list of the relevant Response Actions on the Integration. You can also configure a New Response Action from the list. For more information about Response Actions click here.

Event Actions

From here you can view a list of the relevant Event Actions on the Integration. You can also configure a New Event Action from the list. For more information about Event Actions click here.

The ServiceNow Administrator [admin] role is required to access Response/Event Actions.